A tweak in technology is always required with the continuously growing demand and supply trends. Technology related to communications, in particular, require more advancement than any other area of operations. The industry already carries high loads and serves multi-million users round the clock without any disruption; while, hundreds of new users are added among the subscribers, with each passing second. Such a scenario is constantly uplifting the challenges for Comms industry to fulfill the needs of consumer and business markets.
Networking can be regarded as the major development in technological context. Through these established networks, it has been possible to connect individuals and businesses with each other. Telecommunications industry is the largest to create and maintain the networks, spread worldwide. However, with the rapidly increasing usage of such networks, their efficiency is now being questioned.
Considering the above noted challenges, engineers and innovators have closely been associated to come up with a breakthrough. The solution in this regard was the use of Optical Fibre technology. It is an advanced and enhanced version of fibre, having flexible and transparent nature. It carries the data through optical carrier signals using a laser lights. As light is, until discovered, the fastest travelling element of nature, scientists have found the way to embed data into the light.
Fibre Optic Cabling: Although, wireless communication has gained notable pace in the recent few years, the wired networks yet hold their significance. However, these wired networks are continuously confronted with the increasing appeals of data transfer. Having limited bandwidth, the conventional wires would not be able to cover the swelling demand line. Fibre Optic Cable is relatively more efficient and are capable of transmitting gigabits of data per second. A 370 WDM channel NEC Fibre optic recorded per channel speed of 273 Gbits/s and effective speed of 101 Tbit/s, over a distance of 165 kilometers. This is far beyond the transmission speed of an orthodox copper wire. Large Data Centers, Server Rooms, Internet Service Providers, Telecom Networks, and other large scale enterprises have realized the implication of this technology and incorporated it in their operations.
Fibre Optic Components: Fibre optic cables are of little worth without their respective components. In order to get such network operational, these cables require gears like circulators, switches, couplers, isolators, collimators, attenuators, and delay lines. Each component has its own specialized purpose and special features to achieve the goals. For an instance, a wavelength division multiplexer complexes optical carrier signals on an optical fibre. For doing so, it uses wavelengths of laser light. Fibre Optic cables along with these by-products collectively, are expensive means of data transmission. However, the utility provided by these is worth its cost.
The ratio of organizations transferring from conventional network system to fibre optic network system, is constantly increasing. It will help them address the rising demands of their customers and expanding infrastructure to maintain their operations. In addition to offering assistance to large enterprises, fibre optic is also meeting micro level needs. The time, when domestic use of this technology will become significant, does not seem far away from now.